The image, which showed a ringlike structure with a da

ark central region-the black hole’s shadow-depicted the black hole at the heart of Messier 87, a massive, distant gala

xy in the nearby Virgo galaxy cluster. It is 55 million light-years from Earth and has a mass 6.5 billion times that of the sun.

It was one example of the role that Tianma has played in international coordinated

observations. Its super sensitivity has made its observations useful as a reference by which other parti

cipants in the network can adjust their data, according to the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory.

“Tianma elevated the image quality of the EAVN, by about 50 percent, making a great co

ntribution to the research on extreme objects in the universe, such as black holes,” Shen said.

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So far, 15 countries including Iran and Mongolia have

According to the administration, the mechanism can switch the on-duty satellite to a quick-scan mode focusing on areas required by users when they are hit by disasters.

“During disasters, Fengyun satellites can scan as often as every five or six minutes. The China Meteo

rological Administration could send users cloud images and products via satellites and public clouds,” Wei said.

For example, in March, China provided a remote-sensing monitor repo

rt on flooding in Iran via Fengyun. The analysis estimated the coverage and ter

rain characteristics of the flooded area, which greatly assisted the country’s evacuation efforts.

China has launched 17 Fengyun series meteorological satellites, of which seven are currently operational.

The World Meteorological Organization has included China’s Fengyun serie

s of meteorological satellites as a major element of its global Earth observation system.

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The US’ trade deficit stems from its extremely low natio

nal savings rate and has to be compensated by other countries’ national savings, which in tu

rn adds to the trade deficit. On the other hand, China’s efficiency in the manufacturing industry makes it a lar

ge exporter of manufactured goods to the US and helps it sustain its high savings rate.

A high growth rate means higher trade deficit for US

Given that the US economy is driven by domestic demand, consumpt

ion in particular, instead of exports, a high rate of ec

onomic growth will widen the trade deficit, as it would have to import more products than it exports. In such a sit

uation, the implementation of large-scale infrastructure construction projects would further increase the trade deficit.

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I’m excited about the Asian cuisine festival,” said Li Jingy

n, who came to the main venue of the festival on Thursday with four friends.

“We went to Thailand for a vacation last month. The beautiful sunshine and beaches there

are enchanting,” the 54-year-old Beijing native said. “Now, we have a second chance to experience its food.”

Yang Lin, 26, who described herself as a foodie, also went to t

he gala. “I love Korean food most, except for Chi

nese cuisine, and I’m happy that Beijing is holding such a big food exhibition.”

Xu Hejian, a Beijing official in charge of the event, said visitors can see how Asian food i

s made at the venue and sample various cuisines made by more than 200 food enterprises.

Wuyutai Tea is one of the companies.It’s a good opportunity for the younger generati

on to learn more about traditional Chinese delicacies and desserts,” said Chen Huaji, an employee. “Tea is

quite an important element of Chinese culture, and the exhibition offers a stage to show off the essence of Chinese food and Chinese culture.”

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China has to walk a fine balance between local govern

nment debt management and stable economic growth, especially at a time when trade te

nsions with the United States have imposed more downward pressure, said economists.

More financial resources and investors will be involved in the debt resolution process, said Qiao Baoyun, head of the Acad

emy of Public Finance and Public Policy at the Central University of Finance and Economics.

The last round of local government debt swaps started in 2015 and ended in August 2018, w

hich saw 14.34 trillion yuan ($2.08 trillion) of local government debt being swapped into bonds.

Local governments are set to face more debt burden in the next three ye

ars, as many of the previously issued bonds are set to expire, income from land sales has

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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Huawei has said that it is willing to sign a “no-spy” agreeme

nt with countries that commit to its equipment. And this may po

nt to a reasonable solution as it offers a way out for international partners in the West, which h

ave been caught in the middle of the US-waged campaign against Huawei, to cooperate with the Chinese company.

The security of 5G networks is a technical issue, and it should be addressed as such. Security prin

ciples should be based on verifiable facts and technical data rather than ideology or a vendor’s country of origin.

However, judging by its ill treatment of Huawei since last year, t

he US will continue with its persecution and has no intention of changing its ways.

The victimization of Huawei shows the world’s largest economy no longer wants to uphold the core values that govern free trade

and fair market competition. And it is willing to use its superpower status, so that, by hook or by crook, it can obstruct co

mpetitors that might challenge its competitive edge in science and technology.

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Separately, on the same day, the US Commerce Department

said it would be adding Huawei and its 70 affiliates to an Entity List, which will ban the compan

y from buying parts and components of US companies without prior government approval.

Gao Feng, spokesman for the Ministry of Commerce, said at a briefing that the con

cept of national security “should not be used as a tool for trade protectionism”.

“China strongly opposes other countries imposing unilateral sanctions on Chinese entities,” Gao said.

He called on the US to stop its wrongful behavior and make more efforts to create conditions for normal international trade cooperation.

Huawei has been increasing its 5G commercial contracts worldwide, with more countries giving the com

pany a vote of confidence. But it is facing security allegations from the US, which Huawei has said are unfounded.

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In particular, we need to strengthen international coop

peration in AI governance including laws and regulations, ethical norms and international rules,” Wang said.

The State Council issued a plan in 2017 that set benchmarks for China’s AI sector, with the value of core AI indu

stries predicted to exceed 1 trillion yuan ($145 billion) and make the country the global leader of AI innovation by 2030.

In December, Tianjin unveiled a three-year plan to boost the innovative development of seven AI-related indust

rial chains including independent and controllable information systems, smart security, big data, advanced co

mmunications, intelligent connected vehicles, industrial robots and intelligent terminals.

According to the plan, the government will build Tianjin into an AI in

novation center and a hub of AI industries and innovative applications by 2020.

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Festival will mark 80th anniversary of popular cantata

The Central Conservatory of Music will hold a festival from May 23 to 27 to celebrate the 80th anniversary of The Yellow River Cantata.

Written by composer Xian Xinghai (1905–1945) in Yan’an, Shaanxi pro

vince, in early 1939, the piece was inspired by a patriotic poem by Guang Weiran, and the lyrics

were adapted for the cantata. Premiered on April 13 of the same year in Yan’an, the work became, and remains, popular.

The conservatory’s symphony orchestra, choirs and chamber music grou

ps will join in the festival with 20 concerts, including the opening concert on May 23 condu

cted by Yu Feng, president of the university. The Yellow River Cantata will be performed by young singers.

Veteran Chinese musicians and singers, including Guo Shuzhen and Wang Xiufen, will perform during the festival.

Besides concerts, masterclasses and forums will be held in Yan’an.

The music festival will also celebrate the 70th birthday of the country.

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